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The offence of cheating is described in Section 415 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) of 1860. The penalty for cheating is outlined in Section 417 of the Code. Even with this provision, stiffer punishments for cheating were still required. This is addressed under Section 420, which penalizes anyone who defraud someone into delivering property or any valuable security. Cheating must be established in order to be punished under Section 420.

Criminal-Trials

In other words, Section 420 specifically penalizes more egregious instances of cheating. In accordance with Section 417, cheating is prohibited whether it is carried out dishonestly or fraudulently. In contrast, Section 420 addresses situations in which fraud is committed using deceptive inducement when the target is a valuable security or piece of property.

The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2013, was passed as a result of the intense uproar following the brutal gang rape in the nation's capital that ultimately led to the intern's death while practicing physiotherapy. The meaning of "Rape" as stated in Section 375 of the IPC was expanded by the Act. Prior to the modification, the Section did not specify the minimum number of years for rape sentence.

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